• Grade Level

  • Category

  • Standards

  • Benchmarks

Benchmark 2-K

Tools and machines extend human capabilities, such as holding, lifting, carrying, fastening, separating, and computing.

Benchmark 2-L

Requirements are the limits to designing or making a product or system.

Benchmark 2-M

Technological systems include input, processes, output, and at times, feedback.

Benchmark 2-N

Systems thinking involves considering how every part relates to others.

Benchmark 2-O

An open-loop system has no feedback path and requires human intervention, while a closed-loop system uses feedback.

Benchmark 2-P

Technological systems can be connected to one another.

Benchmark 2-Q

Malfunctions of any part of a system may affect the function and quality of the system.

Benchmark 2-R

Requirements are the parameters placed on the development of a product or system.

Benchmark 2-S

Trade-off is a decision process recognizing the need for careful compromises among competing factors.

Benchmark 2-T

Different technologies involve different sets of processes.

Benchmark 2-U

Maintenance is the process of inspecting and servicing a product or system on a regular basis in order for it to continue functioning properly, to extend its life, or to upgrade its quality.

Benchmark 2-V

Controls are mechanisms or particular steps that people perform using information about the system that causes systems to change.

Benchmark 2-W

Systems thinking applies logic and creativity with appropriate compromises in complex real-life problems.

Benchmark 2-X

Systems, which are the building blocks of technology, are embedded within larger technological, social, and environmental systems

Benchmark 2-Y

The stability of a technological system is influenced by all of the components in the system, especially those in the feedback loop.

Benchmark 2-Z

Selecting resources involves trade-offs between competing values, such as availability, cost, desirability, and waste.

Benchmark 2-AA

Requirements involve the identification of the criteria and constraints of a product or system and the determination of how they affect the final design and development.

Benchmark 2-BB

Optimization is an ongoing process or methodology of designing or making a product and is dependent on criteria and constraints.

Benchmark 2-CC

New technologies create new processes.

Benchmark 2-DD

Quality control is a planned process to ensure that a product, service, or system meets established criteria.

Benchmark 2-EE

Management is the process of planning, organizing, and controlling work.

Benchmark 2-FF

Complex systems have many layers of controls and feedback loops to provide information.

Standard 3

Students will develop an understanding of the relationships among technologies and the connections between technology and other fields of study.

Benchmark 3-A

The study of technology uses many of the same ideas and skills as other subjects.

Benchmark 3-B

Technologies are often combined.